Skincare in Winter

an image of winter

It is raining, hastening Winter, and the weather has become significantly colder recently. The cold, dry winter weather is bad for keeping your skin healthy. However, because ultraviolet rays are relatively weak, it is also a season where you can have healthy skin without much trouble compared to summer as long as you follow a few basic skin health rules. There are three major skin health problems that are most problematic for skin in winter: dryness, cold, and frequent temperature changes.

Why does my skin feel particularly dry in Winter?

In winter, the climate becomes relatively drier compared to summer, so even people with normal skin tend to get dry, let alone people with naturally dry skin. Additionally, in winter, dermatitis symptoms may worsen due to skin damage caused by cold and abnormal skin reactions caused by frequent temperature changes, which can cause dry skin to become even drier.

What is the difference between healthy skin and dry skin? Is there a standard for judging things like moisture content?

Dry skin refers to a condition in which the skin has less than 10% moisture or no moisture. In normal cases, dry skin appears rough with some erythema, dead skin cells, and cracks visible. On the other hand, healthy skin has sufficient moisture content, so it is moist, shiny and clean, and the skin barrier is intact, so there is no dermatitis. There are several ways to check whether the skin barrier that protects healthy skin is intact. The most commonly used objective method is transepidermal water loss (TEWL), which measures the loss of moisture through passive diffusion across the skin surface. If the skin barrier is intact, moisture is retained, so transepidermal moisture loss is reduced. If the skin barrier is damaged, moisture diffuses quickly through the skin, so transepidermal moisture loss increases, causing dryness and dermatitis.

What skin problems can occur you have dry skin and do not moisturize it?

If you do not take good care of your dry skin, such as by neglecting moisturizing or injuring it, the skin barrier will be further destroyed, resulting in dermatitis. When dermatitis occurs, the skin becomes red, scaly, and itchy. If the itching gets worse and you scratch more intensely, wounds or scars may occur on the skin. In some cases of chronic dermatitis, skin cancer may occur in rare cases, but in general, there is no need to worry.

Winter skin care for oily skin

Winter skin care for oily skin includes a variety of measures, mainly related to oxygenation, hydration and skin protection. Below are the main things you should do to maintain healthy skin and avoid the rebound effect.

Wash your face properly: Ideally, you should wash your face twice a day using a facial cleanser. It is best to use a facial cleanser that contains natural antibacterial agents. It would be better if it contained mint extract or tea tree. These ingredients help remove impurities and hide pores.

Double Cleanse: For best results, apply an oil-free lotion after washing your face. Lotions made with hamamelis, rosemary, ivy, or aloe vera are most preferred.

Moisturizing: Once you've finished washing your face, it's a good idea to moisturize oily skin with products that contain beauty acid ingredients, such as hyaluronic acid. These types of products help restore the skin's natural moisture.

Water intake and sun protection: It is important to drink plenty of water throughout the day and apply sunscreen daily.

Exfoliation: You should exfoliate twice a week to remove dead cells. It's best to use a non-damaging scrub.

8 ways to moisturize dry skin in Winter

1. Apply sunscreen every day

In winter, people often do not apply sunscreen because the sunlight is not as hot as in summer. However, even in winter, UV rays can still have a negative effect on the skin, so applying sunscreen is essential. After applying moisturizer every morning, apply sunscreen.

2. Apply night cream

Night creams, or creams you apply at night, are a great way to prevent dry skin. Emollients, which supply oil to the skin and prevent moisture evaporation, are good for moisturizing, but because they are heavy creams, they may take a long time to be absorbed into the skin. It will absorb this overnight and replenish the moisture your skin needs. If you apply cream to your hands or feet, use a plastic bag or gloves to avoid getting the ingredients on your bed sheets, etc.

3. Use a humidifier

Humidifiers help add moisture to the air. This is especially good when using indoor heating in winter. More moisture in the air helps act as a natural moisturizer and can prevent and relieve dry skin.

4. Lower the room temperature

In the cold winter, a hot shower can help you feel warm and comfortable. However, in order to provide nutrients to the skin, the water temperature needs to be kept lukewarm. According to Baylor College of Medicine, hot water removes oil from the skin faster than lukewarm water (about 37°C) and can even cause damage. Additionally, you can moisturize your skin by patting it dry with a soft towel after showering.

5. Exfoliate or Smooth Scrub

Exfoliating helps smooth your skin, but doing it too often or using the wrong products can make your skin dry or flaky. Rough scrubs with large particles are likely to break down the skin's moisture barrier and cause damage. If you have any wounds on your skin, it is best to avoid exfoliation.

6. Drink plenty of water

Drinking enough water helps keep your skin moisturized. In addition to water, it is also good to eat foods rich in antioxidants and omega-3 fatty acids. This helps create healthy cells, including skin cells.

It is important to protect not only your face but also your body and hands in winter.

1. Wear soft clothes.

If you have skin problems, it is often recommended to avoid wearing clothes made of rough materials, and the same goes for dry skin. Wear comfortable, soft clothing to reduce body irritation. Additionally, it is better to wash clothes using a detergent for sensitive skin that contains fewer chemicals than regular detergents.

2. Wear gloves

Gloves protect against cold wind and prevent hands from drying out. Be sure to use silicone gloves when washing dishes. This can help keep your hands soft and hydrated.

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